Issue 4 | August 2014

In this Issue
US-India Energy Partnership Summit 2014
September 30-October 1, 2014 | Washington, DC Visit our website and Register Now!

The 5th edition of the US-India Energy Partnership Summit will be held during September 30 - October 1, 2014, in Washington DC, coinciding with the visit of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Co-hosted by TERI North America and Yale University since 2009, the Summit aims to strengthen bilateral cooperation and explore further avenues in the energy sector. Each year, dignitaries from government, industry, think tanks, academia, and financial institutions deliberate on strategies and activities that can engage the two largest democracies with respect to energy security.

Distinguished speakers at previous editions of the Summit have included Al Gore, Former Vice-President, United States of America & Co-Founder and Chairman, Generation Investment Management; John Kerry, then United States Senator from Massachusetts; John Holdren, Assistant to President Obama for Science and Technology and Director, White House Office of Science and Technology Policy; Carlos Pascual, then Special Envoy & Coordinator International Energy Affairs, Energy Resources Bureau, US Department of State; Daniel Poneman, then Acting Secretary of Energy, US Department of Energy; Rajiv Shah, Administrator, USAID; Nisha Desai Biswal, then Assistant Administrator for Asia and Near East, USAID; and several others from the US government as well as a number of senior Ministers and officials from the Indian government.

In the run up to the Summit, a Roundtable was hosted on July 30, 2014 in New Delhi. A select group of captains of industry, academia, and senior government officials from both India and US were invited to participate. Mr Daniel Poneman, US Deputy Secretary of Energy was the Guest of Honour at the event and actively interacted with the participants. Indian officials included Mr Alok Srivastava, Joint Secretary, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy; Mr Soumen Bagchi, Joint Secretary, Energy Security & Investment, Technology, Promotion (ITP), Ministry of External Affairs; and Dr Ajay Mathur, Director General, Bureau of Energy Efficiency. The participants deliberated on new avenues to strengthen energy cooperation between the two countries, particularly in the areas of renewable energy, energy access, green buildings and conventional fuels. The deliberations at the Round-table will contribute to the development of an actionable agenda for the upcoming US-India Energy Partnership Summit. Please visit our website for more information.

Visit the Summit website
Attention: Policy Makers
Building Green Partnerships
TERI and USGBC join forces to promote high performance buildings in India

The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) and the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) announced a strategic collaboration to accelerate the development of high performance buildings in India and Southeast Asia.

Developing a sustainable approach to the built environment is not only a global issue, but also a major concern for developing countries. TERI's GRIHA (Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment) and USGBC's LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) have partnered to promote the best of global and Indian practices to ensure efficiency of design, construction and operation of high performance buildings. GRIHA has created locally relevant and technologically advanced mechanisms, which is crucial in regionalizing LEED in India and Southeast Asia.

Dr. R.K. Pachauri, Director-General, TERI, said: "Several studies have estimated that most of the buildings projected to be standing in 2030 in India have yet to be built. The demand for energy, water and other inputs for these buildings and those that already exist will be staggering. Designing and constructing 'green' buildings would ensure that India, and the world, do not get locked into a pattern of resource use intensity that would be unsustainable for a variety of reasons. TERI and USGBC share common goals in promoting green buildings round the world."

"Implementing a more sustainable approach to the built environment is a global imperative, but nowhere is its impact more critical than in developing countries. This partnership between USGBC and TERI promises to take green buildings to the next level in India and across Southeast Asia," said Rick Fedrizzi, President, CEO & Founding Chair, US Green Building Council. "India is already the third largest market for LEED outside the US, and USGBC is committed to bringing our resources to advance more rapid adoption of green building practices."
International fuel market- behavior and impact
A larger role for natural gas?
While coal currently constitutes over 30 per cent of the world's energy needs, the shale gas revolution in the recent past indicates a larger role for natural gas in world energy production for the future. The growing need to meet power generation target, industrial-residential use as well as transportation requirements has built a suitable market between the traditionally abundant coal and the growing natural gas resource. The escalation in gas production in the US reduced its dependence on coal, thus increasing its availability in the international markets and in turn diminishing global coal prices. However, in spite of Shale Gas revolution, the pricing and supply-demand scenario of gas at the three major LNG hubs (UK, US Henry hub and Japan) remains distinctly different, restricting any market integration to the long term period. The excess coal at lower prices was significantly taken up by European markets that were witnessing a switch from gas to coal. The Indian energy market conversely remained unaffected by this price fall due to the rupee depreciation and firming up of shipping rates despite overall increasing imports. Amidst high-valued coal imports, sustaining the Indian LNG market calls for overall operationalization and development of LNG terminals, firming producer-consumer price expectation and facilitating participation in integrated liquefaction projects.

In Focus: Clean Energy Access
Powering the billions
Dr R K Pachauri delivers the UN Public Lecture on how climate change and sustainable energy is crucial to meet India's energy shortage

"While India has made major progress in the supply of electricity and modern forms of energy, a large part of the population still lives in a state of energy deprivation," said Dr. R.K. Pachauri, Director-General, The Energy and -Resources Institute (TERI) and Chairman of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

Dr. Pachauri was delivering the third United Nations Public Lecture on June 28, in New Delhi. He said, "The challenge to provide energy access for all has to be seen in the context of the problem of human- induced climate change, the impacts of which would create very high vulnerability for India in a large variety of ways."

"India has the largest number of people lacking access to electricity and clean cooking fuels among all the countries in the world. Over 300 million people have no access to electricity, and a significant number receives limited and sporadic supply even if they have connections. Over two-thirds of the country's population depend on traditional biomass and animal waste for cooking, all of which leads to high levels of indoor air pollution. TERI estimated almost 20 years ago the level of mortality from air pollution in the country at about 2.5 million people, a large share of which was from indoor air pollution," Dr. Pachauri added.

He added: "All stakeholders in Indian society need to tackle the interrelated challenge of climate change and sustainable energy for all with a sense of vision, determination based on enlightened policies that target the future." As the latest IPCC report notes, India's high vulnerability and exposure to climate change will slow its economic growth, impact health and development, make poverty reduction more difficult and erode food security.
Steering Energy
TERI launches Capacity Building Hub at first annual UN Sustainable Energy for All Forum in New York

A capacity building hub called the "Specialized Training, Education and Experiential Resources (STEER)" was launched by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) and TERI University on the sidelines of the first annual Sustainable Energy for All Forum (SE4ALL), held at the United Nations Headquarters in New York from June 4-6. Over 1,000 global leaders, experts and energy practitioners are participating in the deliberations that include representatives from government, business, international organizations and civil society groups, to review progress and share innovative solutions. The UN Decade of SE4ALL (2014-2024) initiative will focus on energy for women and children's health during the initial two years.

The SE4ALL initiative has three objectives: ensuring universal access to modern energy services, doubling the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency and the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix by 2030. Over $50 billion in commitments were made by businesses and others at the Rio+20 Conference in 2012.

TERI says the STEER hub will create the confidence, through building requisite capacities, among all stakeholders of the SE4ALL initiative to deliver on the SE4ALL goals. TERI has a long and intensive record of research and training across the value chain of the energy sectors - a record that is grounded on hands-on, participatory approaches that focus as much on policy/regulatory design as they do on technology development and deployment.

The TERI University is supplementing this training, based on a problem solving approach with academic learning on the use of state-of-art analytical tools and methods. Together, TERI and TERI University will cater to the needs of the entire spectrum of human resources needed to facilitate a transition to clean and sustainable energy. It is this blend of academic and hands-on learning that TERI/TERI University brings together to offer STEER as a Capacity Building Hub for SE4ALL. In doing so, it will recognize the need to leverage and partner other similar training resources - in the country as well as across the world.
Vox Populi
Over 90% people feel climate change is a reality
TERI unveils its Environmental Survey 2014

The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) has released the findings of its 2014 Environmental Survey, which was initiated to gauge the perception, awareness, opinion and behaviour of people towards environment in India. This year, the survey covered eight cities, including Delhi, Mumbai, Coimbatore, Guwahati, Indore, Jamshedpur, Kanpur and Pune. The focus of the survey was on the general environment, and in particular, water and waste related issues.

A vast majority of respondents (90 per cent) felt that climate change was a reality and a majority (over 80 per cent) out of those felt that average temperatures had risen and rainfall levels had gone down over time (over 63 per cent). Overall, a large majority felt that air quality had worsened and the number of bird species in their cities had declined. However, a majority of people felt that drinking water availability and quality as well as waste management in their cities had improved.

The survey had a sample of 11,214 citizens spread across the selected urban agglomerates of India. It was conducted between December, 2013 and February, 2014, through face-to-face interviews in each city using a standardized questionnaire. About 43 per cent of the respondents came from low income localities, 24 per cent from middle income localities and 33 per cent from high income localities. The distribution of respondents according to their educational qualification shows that 32 per cent of the respondents had studied up to higher secondary and diploma, followed by 31 per cent in the category of under graduation and above. Around 23 per cent of the respondents had studied up to middle and secondary education and the remaining 14 per cent only up to primary school.
  footerlogo President: Dr. R. K. Pachauri
Vice-President: Dr. Annapurna Vancheswaran